The magnificent temple on the acropolis of athens, known as the parthenon, was built between 447 and 432 bce in the age of pericles, and it was dedicated to the city's patron deity athena. Keywords athens, parthenon, authenticity, building conservation introduction the parthenon's ingenious design and meticulous construction in the middle of fifth century bc produced a temple dedicated to athena, patron goddess of athens, possessing a complex use and symbolism that have long been subjects of scholarly and public interest. The importance of an individual in society in the culture of ancient greece 766 words 2 pages a research on the parthenon, construction and importance 955 words.
The athenian acropolis, greece the acropolis (from the greek acros, meaning high or upper and polis, meaning ''city) of athens is a steep-sided hill supporting several temples, precincts, and other buildings. The most important feature of the ionic order is the frieze, which is usually carved with relief sculpture arranged in a continuous pattern around the building in general, the doric order occurs more frequently on the greek mainland and at sites on the italian peninsula, where there were many greek colonies. The parthenon (/ ˈ p ɑːr θ ə ˌ n ɒ n, -n ən / ancient greek: παρθενών greek: παρθενώνας, parthenónas) is a former temple on the athenian acropolis, greece, dedicated to the goddess athena, whom the people of athens considered their patron.
Construction started in 447 bc and the temple was completed just nine years later pheidias continued to work on the magnificent sculptures that decorated the temple until 432 bc after the antiquity the parthenon was converted into a church and during the ottoman occupation of athens it was used as an arsenal. the parthenon when work began on the parthenon in 447 bc, the athenian empire was at the height of its power when it was finished in 432 bc, it symbolized athenian's imperial power and it symbolizes the power and influence of the athenian politician, perikles, who championed its construction. The pantheon in rome, italy should not be confused with the parthenon in athens, greece although both were originally temples to gods, the greek parthenon temple, atop the acropolis, was built hundreds of years before the roman pantheon temple.
The parthenon sculptures are one-of-a-kind, just as every artistic creation is, but as a case of social history and identity struggle it belongs to a robust category this is the category of. Workers can build from a plan and can successfully use their proven practices only if construction quality controls are maintained history tells us that the pantheon is a greek word meaning to honor all gods (particularly the olympian divinities. At the time of its construction, athens' parthenon dominated the religious and civic aspects of the city, both conceptually and physically this temple, poised above the city, served as a constant reminder of athenian patriotism and religion. Parthenon is the name given to a temple of the greek goddess - athena, which dates back to 5 th century bc sited in the athenian acropolis, the temple is regarded as the most important building of classical greece that is still in existence. Many of the most important buildings on the acropolis were designed by two the leading architects in athens, iktinos and kallikrates the acropolis is also known as the cecropia this is because of the myth that the first athenian king was a serpent/man known as cecrops.
Limestone was cultivated from quarries and favored by architects as it is easy to cut perikles, an architect who oversaw several projects including the construction of the parthenon (447 to 432 bc) and other monuments atop the akropolis, chose to use limestone. Have you ever marveled at the parthenon, the gem of athens, and wondered who built it and why it is in its current state this lecture will discuss the facts, history, and construction of the. The diversity of the parthenon's construction materials, including white marble, bronze, ivory, gold and pigments are of critical importance, the complex symbolism and material aesthetics of the religious use of these materials. The acropolis was both the fortified citadel and state sanctuary of the ancient city of athens although the great building programs of the 5th century bc have disturbed or covered many of the earlier remains, there is still a great deal of archaeological evidence attesting to the importance of the acropolis in all periods of time. The construction of parthenon in many ways reflected the upbeat mood of the athenians in the 5th century bc the so-called athenian empire reached its zenith during this time period, years after defeating the persians at marathon.
Important temple was the erechtheion (not the parthenon) as it contained the ancient wooden statue of athena to which the new peplos (robe/dress) was presented annually on her birthday in mid-summer. Roman architecture differed fundamentally from this tradition because of the discovery, experimentation and exploitation of concrete, arches and vaulting (a good example of this is the pantheon, c 125 ce. The parthenon was a symbol of greek society and culture as it stood as one of greece's most important architectural buildings besides being the athenians greatest architectural achievement, the parthenon serves a basic purpose.
The parthenon, the temple to the goddess athena on the acropolis in athens, is referred to by many as the pinnacle of ancient greek architecture helen gardner refers to its unsurpassable excellence, to be surveyed, studied and emulated by architects of later ages. During the past 2,500 years, the parthenon—the apotheosis of ancient greek architecture—has been rocked by earthquakes, set on fire, shattered by exploding gunpowder, looted for its stunning. Mining greece the marbles of parthenon the greek mining metallurgical industry is an important sector of economic activity, 4% of gdp in the country. Phidias's finest construction - the parthenon - had 8 fluted columns at either corner and 17 on every side temple's ceiling was tinted blue and ornamented with stars and a stunning monument of the goddess, dressed in gold and adorned with jewels, was created on a pedestal in the internal shelter.